Cricket

is a team sport which is popular especially in England and the Commonwealth countries. Cricket is one of the closest relatives of American baseball.


Ground

Cricket is played by two teams of eleven players on a large oval field. Usually the boundaries of the field are marked with a rope. Right in the middle of the field is a specially prepared field with a length of 20 m and a 3 m width called the pitch. Each wicket on the pitch consists of three wooden stumps placed vertically, in line with one another. They are surmounted by two wooden crosspieces called bails.These combinations of sticks are called wickets.


Rules

In a game of cricket teams alternate berween the roles of the batting team (batting side) and the team in the field (fielding side). The part of the match between the role changes is called innings.


Each match consists of one or two innings per team. The goal of the batting team is to win as many points (runs). The two batsmen take positions at opposite ends of the pitch. The fielding team's other nine members stand outside the pitch, spread out across the field and only come to play when of the batsman 'drops'.


One designated member of the fielding team, called the bowler, bowls the ball from one end of the pitch to the striking batsman at the other end. This batter is called a striker. Behind him and his wicket stands one player in the field (ie, wicket-keeper), which as the only one of the team that has the right to wear gloves to capture. The other nine team players in the field (ie. Fielders) are distributed all over the field.


There is always an umpire at each end of the pitch. After a bowler has bowled six times (an over), another member of the fielding team is designated as the new bowler, the old bowler is taking up a fielding position.


Bowler throwing

technique are mostly prescribed by rules. During the bowling action the elbow may be held at any angle and may bend further, but may not straighten out. If the elbow straightens illegally then the square-leg umpire may call no-ball: this is known as "throwing" or "chucking", and can be difficult to detect. The current laws allow a bowler to straighten his arm 15 degrees or less.In practice, this means that pitchers are trying to get their arm fully stretched before the arm gets to the shoulder height. This strictly controlled manner of throws is called bowling and therefore Cricket makes a real difference between the (normal) throws and bowling.


Another specificity of bowling is that the ball is thrown in order to hit the ground before it reaches the batsman. This case it is not a regulation but a useful way of showing respect for the rules that say the ball comes at a batsman over the waist-height.


Runs

The primary concern of the batsman on strike (i.e., the "striker") is to prevent the ball hitting the wicket and secondarily to score runs by hitting the ball with his bat so that he and his partner have time to run from one end of the pitch to the other before the fielding side can return the ball. To register a run, both runners must touch the ground behind the crease with either their bats or their bodies (the batsmen carry their bats as they run). Each completed run increments the score. he decision to attempt a run is ideally made by the batsman who has the better view of the ball's progress.